Aspirants who qualify prelims and choose Geography optional for mains often find difficulty in getting the latest Syllabus with previous year’s questions. Here we have analyzed and studied the official UPPSC Notification wherein the syllabus for the exam is given by the commission.

Aspirants can trust the syllabus given below as it is official released by UPPSC commission in its notification . In order to get proper idea about exam pattern , previous years questions have been also given below for latest mains exam conducted .

Geography optional is one of the most popular optional chosen by aspirants for its scoring nature . Although the syllabus is vast and requires lot of effort to complete it , 4 months is sufficient time to fully complete the syllabus .

Here at MyPCS platform we organise FREE Mains answer writing program so that aspirants can become better in sharpening their recall power and writing skills . Register here to get an update about the next Geography Optional answer writing program.

:: PAPER – I ::
1. Geomophology: Origin and structure of the Earth, Earth movements, Plate tectonics and Mountain Building, Isostasy; Vulcansim; Weathering and Erosion; Cycle of Erosion, Evolution of landforms; fluvial, glacial, aeolion, marine and karst Rejuvenation and Polycyclic Land form features.

2. Climatology: Composition and structure of Atmoshphere, Insolation and Heat Budget Atmospheric pressure and winds; Moisture and Precipitation; Air masses and Fronts
Cyclone: Origine, Movements and associated weather; Classification of world climates Koppen and Thomthwaite.

3. Oceanography: Configuration of Ocean floor, Salinity, Ocean Currents, Tides Ocean deposits and coral reefs.

4. Soil and Vegetation: Soils-geneisis; classification and world distribution, SoilVegetation Symbiosis; Biotic Communities and Succession.

5. Ecosystem: Concept of Ecosystem, structure and functioning of Ecosystem, Types of Ecosystem; Major Biomes; Man’s impact on the Ecosystem and Global Ecological issues.

6. Evolution of Geographical Thought: Contributions of Indian, German, French, British and Soviet Geographers; Traditional Paradigms:- Determinism, Possiblism, Regionalishm and Contemporary Paradigms of Geography – positivism and quantitative revolution, models and systems in Geography, Recent trends in geographic thought with special reference to behavioural radical, humanism, post-modernism in Feminism and ecological paradigms.

7. Human Geography: Human habitat in major natural regions; Emergence of Man and Races of Mankind; Cultural evolution and stages; Major cultural realms, Growth and Distribution of population; International migration; Demorgraphic Transition and contemporary population problems.

8. Settlement Geography: Concept of Settlement Geography; Rural settlements – Nature; Origin, Types and patterns; Urban settlements: Origin, Patterns, Processes and consequences, Central place theory; Classification of towns; Hierarchy of Urban Centres, Morphology of Towns; Rural-Urban nexus, Umiand and urban finges; Futuristic trends.

9. Economic Geography: Fundamental concepts; Concepts of Resources: Classification, Conservation and Management; Nature and Types of Agriculture, Agricultural land use; Location theories; World Agricultural Regions; Major crops; Mineral and Power Resources; Occurrence, Reserve, Utilization and Production patterns; World Energy crisis and search for alternatives; Industries- Theories of Industrial location, Major industrial regions; Major Industries- Iron & Steel. Paper, Textiles. Petro- Chemicals, Automobiles, Ship building- their location patterns, International Trade, Trade Blocks, Trade routes; Ports and Global Trade Centres; Globalization and World Economic Development Patterns, Concepts and approaches to Sustainable Development.

10. Political Geography: Concept of Nation and State; Frontiers, Boundaries and Buffer zones; Concepts of Heartland and Rimland; Federalism, Contemporary world Geopolitical issues.